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What You Need To Know About The Principle Of Least Privilege
The principle of least privilege means that the access of an organization’s or company’s data is limited to a few individuals by their identity. This principle means that only the individuals that are recognized by their identity in the system are able to access an organizations or companies data and any other person that has no identity keyed into the system is not able to access such data. With this said we, therefore, have to realize that there are some risks which make companies and organizations use the principle of the least privilege. We are therefore going to expound further on some of the risks that a company is exposed in the use of the principle of least privilege.
The principle of least privilege has some risks that are associated with it and one of the major risks is the dormant identities. Dormant identities means that individuals that have been given the privilege to access very classified information about the company have not been active for a very long time and thus they are log in details become inactive. A person may easily forget about such privileges especially when they are very busy in their day to day operations of the organizations that they forget about their logins to such a system. The dormant identities are very risky for an organization because some individuals with evil motives can such inactivity in some of the people who have been privileged to access the company’s information and use their identity to access the data and information about the company which is very classified and may ruin the operations of that particular organization. This kind of risk places a company in a very awkward situation since the data can easily be leaked to third parties who are not authorized to access such information.
Privilege escalation is another risk that is associated with the principle of least privilege. There are two ways in which an individual can view privilege escalation and one of the ways is horizontal privilege escalation and the other is vertical privilege escalation. In the area of horizontal privilege escalation, a person who does not have access to many functions in the cloud of an organization maneuvers his or her way to an account of an individual who has more ability and functions within the cloud. On the other hand vertical privilege escalation is more dangerous and it occurs in a situation where an individual who is of a lower rank in an organization manages to access an account of a person who is higher in rank let’s say an administrator and uses the privileges to their own advantage. The risk of the privilege escalation is very dangerous and always needs to be monitored.